|Importance of Pronunciation |
Hindi Vowels - Hindi Swar-Matra
हिन्दी स्वर / मात्रा
In English language one vowel has different sound subject to its placement and other vowels/consonants coming before or after the vowel in a word. Hindi language is more easy than English. In Hindi language, the pronunciation of each vowel remains same with each alphabet irrespective of its placement in the word.
Let us look at the following where one alphabet 'क' is written with all Hindi Vowels/Matra. Please click each letter to understand the pronunciation of each Matra.
In Hindi language, the pronunciation of each vowel remains same with each alphabet irrespective of its placement in the word.
The following points will help a lot in understanding Hindi Swar/Matra:
In Hindi language, consonants can be written half or full like 'क, क्, चक्कन, सम्बन्ध /संबंध' - ka, k, chakkan, sambandh.
a) The first alphabet 'क' is written full.
b) Second alphabet 'क्' is written half. It is single and not a part of any word hence a mark of Halant is added below the consonant. When we write half alphabet alone, then we put Halant mart (् ) below that letter.
c) Third example 'चक्कन' is a word. It contains both half and full consonants. When we write half consonant in a word, next consonant is written immediately after that without putting any matra/vowel. In the word 'चक्कन chakkan' first 'क् k' is half as second consonant 'क k' is written without putting any matra/vowel. Consonant 'न n' is written full. The last consonant of word is pronounced fully.
d) In another word 'सम्बन्ध /संबंध sambandh' consonants 'm' and 'n' are half as next consonants have come without putting any vowel after them. In Hindi language, half consonant -'n' and 'm' can be written by putting a dot (bindee) above the line like it is written in the example.
For learning any language, 'Listening' plays a vital role in learning. In order to help you learning Hindi language we have compiled a detailed list of words hereunder which you can listen just by clicking the word.
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